Author - rootbirdfest

Bornean Whistler

Pachycephala hypoxantha 16 cm
(Malay: Sambar Siul Mas. Indonesian: Kancilan Kalimantan.)

IDENTIFICATION
Adult has olive-green upperparts, dark lores; wings coverts and tail darker green, dark primaries and secondaries with paler edges. Underparts yellow with faint greenish wash, darker at breast. Under-tail dark olive green. Iris dark brown, bill black, legs and feet grey. P. h. sarawacensis has more uniform yellow underparts.

DISTRIBUTION
Locally common endemic montane resident, from G. Kinabalu along central mountain ranges to the mountains of upper Telen, G. Pueh and G. Nyiut, 650-2920 m. Race: P. h. sarawacensis on Pueh Range and G. Nyiut, Sarawak, and P. h. hypoxantha (as shown) elsewhere.

HABITS AND HABITAT
Hill dipterocarp forests, montane forests, forest edges and clearings. Often seen on lower branches, actively foraging from perch to perch, also makes sallies to catch insects in mid-air and joins mixed feeding flocks.

(Source: A Naturalist’s Guide to the Birds of Borneo by Wong Tsu Shi, published by John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd, 2012. Available at all good bookstores throughout Borneo. )

Whitehead’s Broadbill

Calyptomena whiteheadi 24-27cm
(Malay: Takau Whitehead. Indonesian: Madi-hijau Whitehead.)

 Male

Female

IDENTIFICATION
Adult has olive-green upperparts, dark lores; wings coverts and tail darker green, dark primaries and secondaries with paler edges. Underparts yellow with faint greenish wash, darker at breast. Under-tail dark olive green. Iris dark brown, bill black, legs and feet grey. P. h. sarawacensis has more uniform yellow underparts.

DISTRIBUTION
Locally common endemic montane resident, from G. Kinabalu along central mountain ranges to the mountains of upper Telen, G. Pueh and G. Nyiut, 650-2920 m. Race: P. h. sarawacensis on Pueh Range and G. Nyiut, Sarawak, and P. h. hypoxantha (as shown) elsewhere.

HABITS AND HABITAT
Hill dipterocarp forests, montane forests, forest edges and clearings. Often seen on lower branches, actively foraging from perch to perch, also makes sallies to catch insects in mid-air and joins mixed feeding flocks.

(Source: A Naturalist’s Guide to the Birds of Borneo by Wong Tsu Shi, published by John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd, 2012. Available at all good bookstores throughout Borneo. )

Short-tailed Green Magpie (Cissa thalassina)

Short-tailed Green Magpie (Cissa thalassina) has been split into Javan Green Magpie C. thalassina and Bornean Green Magpie C. jefferyi.

The race Cissa jefferyi is endemic to the island of Borneo, found in foothill and true montane forest between 300 to 2,750 metres although rarely below 1,400 m elevation is dark and almost uniform apple-green with yellow wash on the forehead.The eyes are bluish-white to whitish with pale blue orbital ring and narrow red eye-ring. The black mask is broader above the eye than in nominate race, and tapers almost in a point, whereas it is flatter in C.t. thalassina. Its voice is sweet and musical with a series of 4-5 clear notes “swe-swi-swee-swi-swe-sweet” repeated after short pause with some variations. It also utters a penetrating “sweeeii” and a repeated “swe-swe-gurg” or “swe-gurg”.

The Short-tailed Green Magpie feeds mainly on snails, various insects and their larvae, small frogs, lizards, snakes, birds’ eggs and nestlings, some fruits and carrion. This species is often seen alone, in pairs or in family groups according to the season or even amongst a mixed flock of laughing thrushes, drongos and treepies. They forage in the dense undergrowth, on the ground, through shrub layers, clambering between the hanging vegetation, and sometimes reaching the upper canopy. It often feeds near the limit of the tree-line. They cross open areas from thicket to thicket, but it prefers the cover of vegetation.

MALAY VERSION

Short-tailed Green Magpie (Cissa Thalassina) telah dipecahkan kepada Javan Green Magpie C.thalassina dan Bornean Green Magpie C. jefferyi.

Spesis Cissa jefferyi adalah endemik kepada kepulauan Borneo, boleh ditemui di kaki gunung dan hutan gunung di antara 300 ke 2750 meter walaupun jarang di bawah ketinggian 1,400m, warnany adalah gelap dan hampir seragam epal-hijau dengan segelintir kekuningan pada dahi. Matanya seakan putih-kebiruan atau putih dengan orbit biru pucat dan cincin-mata berwarna merah yang nipis. Garisan hitam di atas mata adalah lebih tebal berbanding dengan spesis lain, dan kian hampir di mata, sedangkan ia mendatar dalam Ct Thalassina. Suaranya merdu dan berirama dengan siri 4-5 nota jelas “SWE-swi-Swee-swi-SWE-sweet” berulang selepas jeda pendek dengan beberapa variasi. Ia juga berbunyi “sweeeii” dan berulang-ulangan “SWE-SWE-gurg” atau “SWE-gurg”.

Makanan utama Short-tailed Green Magpie adalah siput, serangga dan larvanya, katak kecil, cicak, ular, telur dan anak burung, beberapa buah-buahan dan sisa bangkai. Spesis ini sering dilihat bersendirian, berpasangan atau dalam kumpulan keluarga mengikut musim ataupun di kalangan kawanan spesis laughing thrushes, drongos dan treepies. Ia mencari makanan dalam semak padat, di atas tanah, melalui lapisan renek, antara tumbuh-tumbuhan gantung, dan kadang-kadang mencapai kanopi tinggi. Ia selalunya mencari makan berhampiran had garisan pokok. Mereka melintas kawasan-kawasan yang terbuka dari belukar ke belukar, tetapi ia lebih suka penutup tumbuh-tumbuhan.

Bristlehead (Pityriasis gymnocephala 25-26 cm)

(Malay: Tiong Batu Kepala Merah. Indonesian: Tiong-batu Kalimantan.)

IDENTIFICATION Unmistakable black and red bird with a very large bill. Adult male (as shown) has bristle-like orange yellow feathers on crown, from which it gets its name. Face, throat and neck bright scarlet. Black ear-patch protrudes like the ear piece of a headphone. Thigh feathers red, rest of upperparts and underparts black; feathers on mantle, back and breast are fringed darker, making them appear scaly. Iris red-brown, massive bill black, legs and feet pink flesh. Adult female is like male but has red patches on flanks .

DISTRIBUTION An uncommon endemic lowland resident, up to 1220 m. Monotypic.

HABITAT AND HABITS Lowland and hill dipterocarp, kerangas, peat-swamp and mangroves forests, secondary forest, plantation forests. Nomadic. Usually seen in small family parties, but also in mixed feeding flocks. Moves rather slowly over upper and middle storeys while feeding, quite undisturbed by any human presence.

(Source: A Naturalist’s Guide to the Birds of Borneo by Wong Tsu Shi, published by John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd, 2012. Available at all good bookstores throughout Borneo. )

Highland Birds of Borneo, Kinabalu Park

One of the premier birding destinations in Borneo is Kinabalu Park, home of many of Borneo’s endemic species. Malaysia’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kinabalu Park is a protected area of 75,370hectares. The park encompasses a range of habitats, with lowland rainforest found in the region of Poring Hot Springs (around 550 metres above sea level), and lower montane forest around Park Headquarters (1,500 metres). Around Mesilau Nature Park Resort, on the eastern side of the park (2,000 metres), the area covered by mountain forest. Travelling higher up Mount Kinabalu, the montane forest eventually gives way to sub-alpine forest which prefers out at the bare granite summit plateau.

The richest bird community is found in the lowland rainforest of Borneo, with the number of species diminishing with the increase altitude. Nonetheless, Kinabalu Park offers many birds which are found only in mountainous regions, including 58 strictly montane birds, 17 of which are endemic Bornean species.

In all, Kinabalu Park offers – in the words of one birding expert – “Many local curiosities and specialities”

4th Borneo Bird Festival (5-7 October 2012)

 

In apprecitation of Nature’s beauty, its significance to human relations and benefits, Sabah is now looking forward to the promising event well known as Borneo Bird Festival (BBF).

Borneo Bird Festival is a celebration of the magnificent birds of Borneo, it is aimed to create public awareness to bird conservation, to promote birdwatching, and enhance the eco-tourism activities.

For the first time in 4 years, the merriment will be housed at the Malaysia’s First UNESCO World Heritage site and Borneo’s premier birding destination, the Kinabalu National Park on 5th-7th October 2012.

With the theme “Winged Wonders of Kinabalu”, the activities from talks, demos, exhibitions, competitions, tour packages to children’s camp, body paint and totoos to the misty and cool guided Bird Watching walk will mostly be featuring the magnificient birds of Kinabalu Parks specially noted for its 54 strictly montane birds of which 12 are endemic to Kinabalu Park, some of the montane species are Whitehead’s Trogon, Black-breasted Fruit-hunter, Sunda Laughing-thrush, Mountain black-eye, Whitehead’s broadbill, Whitehead’s Spiderhunter, Black-sided flowerpecker and more.

Together, let’s have fun and make the 4th BBF memorable and fulfilling!